9 Best Programming Languages for Software Development You Can’t Miss

Written by nguyen lan anh

May 21, 2024

9 Best Programming Languages for Software Development You Can’t Miss

With over 700 programming languages to choose from, you may be wondering which programming language is best to learn. Your choice of programming language will depend on your skill level, your career goals, and the languages employers are using in their organizations. To help you get started, here are the 9 best programming languages for software development that you cannot miss.

What is a programming language?

Programming languages (collection)

A programming language is a system of rules and syntax used to create computer programs. Programming languages allow programmers to interact with a computer to specify specific actions and processes that the computer needs to perform. Programming languages can be used to develop applications, websites, software, and other systems. Each programming language has its own structure and properties, suitable for specific purposes and requirements in software development.

9 Best Programming Languages for Software Development You Can’t Miss!

Choosing the right programming language is an important factor that determines the success of a software project. Below is a list of the 9 best programming languages that you cannot miss if you want to develop quality software:

  • Python

Python programming language (collection)

Python is probably the most user-friendly programming language on this list. It’s often said that Python’s syntax is clear, intuitive, and close to English, which makes it a popular choice for beginners.

Python has many applications that make it a powerful, flexible choice when choosing the best programming language for your use case. For example, if you’re interested in back-end web development, the open-source Django framework, written in Python, is popular, easy to learn, and feature-rich. Django has been used to develop several popular websites such as Mozilla, Instagram, and Spotify.

Python also has packages such as NumPy and SciPy that are commonly used in the fields of scientific computing, mathematics, and engineering. Other Python libraries such as TensorFlow, PyTorch, scikit-learn, and OpenCV are used to build programs in data science, machine learning, image processing, and computer vision.

Application examples: Django for web development, TensorFlow for machine learning.

  • Java

Java programming language (collection)

Java is known as a high-level, object-oriented programming language and is also defined as a Platform. The language is used to design and develop games, applications, web content, and software.

Most Android applications are developed on Java. According to studies, there are 15 billion devices using the Java platform, because they are portable and can run on any platform.

Application examples: Java Spring Framework, Android development.

  • JavaScript

JavaScript programming language (collection)

With the growing demand for dynamic web applications, it is almost impossible to become a professional software developer without learning JavaScript. According to Stack Overflow’s 2023 Developer Survey, JavaScript is the most popular language among developers for the 11th year in a row. Nearly 64% of survey participants said they used JavaScript in the past year.

Along with HTML and CSS, JavaScript is essential for front-end web development. The majority of the most popular sites on the web, from Facebook and Twitter to Gmail and YouTube, rely on JavaScript to create interactive web pages and display dynamic content to users.

Due to its versatility, JavaScript has many possible applications. Although this is primarily a user interface language that runs in the browser, it can be used on the server side via Node.js to build scalable network applications. Node.js is compatible with Linux, SunOS, Mac OS X and Windows. Through the use of specialized frameworks, such as React Mobile and Electron, JavaScript can also be used to develop mobile applications and desktop software.

Because JavaScript has a flexible, easy-to-understand syntax and works on all major browsers, it is also one of the friendliest programming languages for beginners.

Application examples: React, Node.js.

  • C++

C++ programming language (collection)

C++ (C-plus-plus) is a cross-platform language developed by Bjarne Stroustrup and first introduced in 1985 as an extension of the C language. This language allows users to create applications High performance with high control over memory and system resources. It is still widely used by software developers and is suitable for many different applications.

Application examples: Unreal Engine, Microsoft Windows OS.

  • C#

C# programming language (collection)

Like C++, C# (pronounced C Sharp) is a general-purpose, object-oriented language built on top of C. It was originally designed by Microsoft as part of the .NET framework to build Windows applications.

C# uses syntax similar to other C-derived languages like C++, so you can easily learn it if you come from another language in the C family. C# is not only the right choice for developing Microsoft’s application development platform, but also the language that mobile developers use to build cross-platform applications on the Xamarin platform.

Additionally, anyone interested in VR development should consider learning C#. C# is the recommended language for building 3D and 2D video games using the popular Unity game engine, which powers 1/3 of the top games on the market.

Application examples: Unity Game Engine, Microsoft .NET Framework.

  • Swift

Swift programming language (collection)

If you’re interested in Apple products and mobile app development, Swift is a good place to start. First announced by Apple in 2014, Swift is a relatively new programming language used to develop iOS and macOS apps.

Swift has been optimized for performance and built from the ground up to accommodate the realities of modern iOS development. Not only does iOS run on every iPhone and iPad, but it’s also the foundation for other operating systems like watchOS (for Apple Watch) and tvOS (for Apple TV). In addition, Apple will not be able to become the technology industry leader and iOS applications continue to be the most profitable in the mobile application market.

Application examples: iOS and macOS applications.

  • Ruby

Ruby programming language (collection)

Similar to PHP and Python, Ruby is also a programming language that is easy to learn and suitable for beginners. The Ruby on Rails framework powers websites like Github, Shopify, Airbnb, Groupon, GoodReads, and Kickstarter.

You may not know, Rails is a model – view – controller (MVC) framework, providing the default structure for databases, web services and web pages. Ruby encourages and facilitates the use of web standards such as JSON or XML for data transfer and HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Application example: Ruby on Rails framework.

  • PHP

PHP programming language (collection)

PHP is a scripting language and is considered one of the best programming languages when it comes to creating fully functional web apps.

PHP also has frameworks like Laravel, which are both powerful and allow you to quickly create web applications using the software architectural pattern to model – view – controllers. WordPress is currently the most popular web application software created with the PHP language.

Application examples: WordPress, Magento.

  • SQL

SQL  programming language (collection)

Along with Python, SQL programming is essential for using data effectively in web applications. However, unlike other coding languages on our list, SQL specifically allows for storing, extracting, and manipulating data in an existing database.

As the primary database programming language, SQL has its own markup that you must learn to query the database effectively. Programmers interested in working with database-intensive applications such as social media platforms, payment processors, and music libraries should consider learning SQL. For prospective data professionals, familiarity with SQL is often a required skill for roles such as database administrators, data analysts, and QA engineers.

Application examples: MySQL, PostgreSQL.

Above are the 9 best programming languages for software development that you cannot miss. However, when choosing the right programming language, consider the specific requirements of the project, flexibility, and the available skills of the development team to ensure a successful development project.

The reason you need to choose the right programming language

Information technology (collection)

Choosing the right programming language plays an important role in building a successful software project. Here are the reasons you need to consider when choosing a programming language:

  • In accordance with the Project’s Objectives and Requirements

Each programming language has its own strengths and limitations, so you need to choose the language that suits the specific goals and requirements of the project. For example, Python is suitable for machine learning, while JavaScript is suitable for web development.

  • Team Skills and Experience

If the development team already has experience with a certain language, choosing that language will help increase productivity and work quality. At the same time, it is also necessary to consider the possibility of learning and developing skills in the new language.

  • Community and Support

A programming language with a large support community will make it less difficult for you to encounter problems during development. The community provides documentation, libraries, and support to help increase productivity.

  • Performance and Security

If the project requires high stability and good performance, choosing the right programming language will help ensure the quality of the application. At the same time, it is also necessary to consider security factors when choosing a programming language.

  • Compatible with Other Platforms and Technologies

To ensure flexibility and high integration, you need to consider the compatibility of the programming language with the other platforms and technologies used in the project.

Choosing the right programming language not only helps optimize the development process but also ensures the quality and performance of the final product. Take a close look and start your project with the right programming language.

TechLead is a technology unit that supports you in the success of every project!

If you are still wondering and having a headache thinking about choosing a programming language suitable for your project, save time and speed up the process of turning your ideas into reality by entrusting TechLead. – a trusted service provider in the information technology industry.

Established in 2019, TechLead is a Vietnamese IT service provider with complete software development packages in any programming language you can think of. With TechLead’s cost-effective solutions, you can build, maintain, and scale your software ideas without having to touch a single line of code!

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